Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional

Web Browsers

Web browsers, or just browsers, are computer programs that you use to view Web pages. They are able to read the HTML contained in a file and then display it on a screen according to the instructions it finds. The address you type into your browser at the top of the page is just the location for where a file can be found. Your browser fetches that file and then interprets it and makes it visible on your screen.

To see what your browser sees before it decodes the instructions you can click View→ Source. Some people go to great lengths to hide their code so you may not always be able to easily see the code but it will always be there.

Most people use Microsoft's browser Internet Explorer, or IE, as it is the default browser on a computer running Microsoft Windows; a contentious issue that sparked a court case in the late 90's (United States v. Microsoft). There are however, many other browser programs available for Web users to choose from and they are all free to download.


Firefox 2.0. is the World's second most used browser. It has offered people the opportunity to customize their browsers and many of its more popular features have been incorporated in Microsoft's most recent browser.


Internet Explorer controls the largest part of the browser market, 83% worldwide, but that is largely a virtue of it's association with Windows. Recent pressure from more functional and standards compliant browsers has pressurized Microsoft sufficiently that it's most recent version, IE7, is now quite a good browser.


Opera is a browser that offers similar features to the preceding browsers but offers versions for all platforms including Windows, Macs, Linnux and, increasingly more importantly, mobile phones. It is also a "complete" internet suite which means you can not only use it to surf the Web but also send email, chat and keep track of all your contacts.


Amaya is a combined browser/html editor produced by the World Wide Web Consortium(W3C). It allows you to edit your html and watch the results of your work at the same time without having to go between your editor and browser.